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Quiapo Church timeline

The Quiapo Church is formally called the Minor Basilica of the Black Nazarene and the Parish of St. John the Baptist. Below is the history of the church, as well as the statue of the Black Nazarene and the devotion that revolves around both the church and the statue, according to the website www.quiapochurch.com.

1586

The mission outpost of the Franciscans from Sta. Ana de Sapa became a town by the decree of Governor General Santiago de Vera. Two years later, it became a parish and Fr. Antonio de Nombella became the first pastor of Quiapo Church.

1603

The church made of nipa and bamboo was easily gutted by fire at the height of the Chinese rebellion.

1606

The statue, entrusted to an unknown Recollect priest, was brought across the Pacific Ocean in the hold of a Galleon which arrived in Manila at an undetermined date. They brought with them a dark image of Jesus Christ, upright but kneeling on one knee and carrying a large wooden cross from Mexico. The dark portrayal of Christ reflected the native culture of its Mexican sculptor. The image was enshrined in the first church of the Recoletos at Bagumbayan (Luneta) with St. John the Baptist as patron. The image became known as the Black Nazarene.

A lay minister blesses with holy water. Filipino Roman Catholic devotees with their image of the Black Nazarene and other religious items ahead of the celebration of its feast day last Jan. 5 (AP Photo/Bullit Marquez)

A second, bigger, church was built in 1608 by the Recoletos in Intramuros with St. Nicolas Tolentino as its patron saint. The image of the Black Nazarene was transferred to this church and devotion to Him grew.

1621

The devotion to the Black Nazarene began establishing the Cofradia de Jesus Nazareno, a fraternity of respected gentlemen in Manila with strong devotion to the Black Nazarene.

1645

A strong earthquake damaged Quiapo Church.

1650

On April 20, 1650, the strong devotion to the Black Nazarene was recognized by Pope Innocent X, 29 years from its founding date.

1767

Upon the orders of the Archbishop of Manila, Basilio Sancho de Santas Justa y Rufina, the image of the Black Nazarene was transferred to Quiapo Church with St. John de Baptist as patron. Devotion to the Black Nazarene continued to grow and accounts of His miracles became well known throughout the archipelago.

1791

A huge fire burned Quiapo Church, but miraculously the image of the Black Nazarene was not destroyed.

1863

A strong earthquake heavily damaged Quiapo Church and the Manila Cathedral, but the image of the Black Nazarene was spared.

A Filipino Roman Catholic devotee lifts her child to kiss the hand of the image of the Black Nazarene ahead of the celebration of its feast day last Jan. 5 (AP Photo/Bullit Marquez)

Hundreds of Roman Catholics pray at mass at the Quiapo church ahead of the celebration of the feast day of the Black Nazarene (AP Photo/Bullit Marquez)

Filipino Roman Catholic devotees jostle to get closer and kiss the image of the Black Nazarene in a raucous procession to celebrate its feast day last Jan. 9. A massive crowd of mostly barefoot Filipino Catholics joined the annual procession of a centuries-old statue of Jesus Christ under tight security. (AP Photo/Bullit Marquez)

Filipino Roman Catholic devotees wave towels as they jostle to get closer and kiss the image of the Black Nazarene in a raucous procession to celebrate its feast day last Jan. 9. (AP Photo/Bullit Marquez)

Philippine Coast Guard rescue boats are on standby as Filipino Roman Catholic devotees jam the Jones Bridge during a raucous procession to celebrate the feast day of the Black Nazarene last Jan. 9. (AP Photo/Bullit Marquez)

The raucous procession of the image of the Black Nazarene enters the arch landmark of Manila’s Chinatown during its celebration of its feast day last Jan. 9. (AP Photo/Bullit Marquez)

A rescue helicopter passes by Filipino Roman Catholic devotees during a raucous procession to celebrate the feast day of the Black Nazarene on last Jan. 9. (AP Photo/Aaron Favila)

A couple, one carrying a replica of the image of the Black Nazarene, prepares to line up to kiss or rub with their religious items the image on the eve of the celebration of its feast day.(AP Photo/Bullit Marquez)

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